RF Switch and microwave switches can efficiently transmit signals in the transmission path. The functions of such switches can be characterized by four basic electrical parameters.
Although multiple parameters are related to the peRF Switch ormance of RF Switch and microwave switches, the following four are considered critical parameters due to their strong correlation: isolation, insertion loss, switching time, and power handling capability.
The degree of isolation between the circuit input and the output is the measure of the effectiveness of the cut-off. Insertion loss (also called transmission loss) is the total power dissipation when the switch is on. Since the insertion loss can directly lead to an increase in the system noise figure, the insertion loss is the most critical parameter for the designer.
The switch time is the time required for the switch to transition from the "on" state to the "off" state and from the "off" state to the "on" state. The time up to the number of high-power switch microsecond, down to the low-power high-speed switch several nanoseconds. The most common definition of switching time is the time required for the input control voltage to reach 50% of its final RF Switch output power to 90%. In addition, the power handling capability is defined as the maximum RF Switch input power that the switch can withstand without any permanent electrical peRF Switch ormance degradation.
RF Switch and microwave switches can be divided into electromechanical relay switches and solid state switches two categories. These switches can be designed for a variety of different configurations - from single-pole single-throw to single-pole, six-throw, or more-throw configurations that can convert a single input into 16 different output states. The switch is a double pole double throw configuration switch. This type of switch has four ports and two possible switch states, which allow the load to switch between the two sources.
The electromechanical relay switch has a low insertion loss (<0.1dB), high isolation (> 85dB), and can switch signals at milliseconds. The main advantage of this type of switch is that it can operate in the DC-millimeter-wave (> 50 GHz) frequency range and is insensitive to electrostatic discharge. In addition, the electromechanical relay switch can handle higher power levels (up to several kilowatts of peak power) and does not cause video leakage.
However, in the operation of electromechanical RF Switch switches, there are some problems worthy of our attention. The standard service life of these switches is only about 1 million times, and its components are more sensitive to vibration. The service life is the number of times the electromechanical switch can complete the RF Switch and repeatability requirements. High quality or high reliability Electromechanical switches are ideal for applications where longer service life is required. The reliability and other peRF Switch ormance of this type of switch is extremely superior, and the service life of up to 10 million times. The longer service life comes from the design of a more robust actuator and a more optimized drive link for magnetic and mechanical rigidity. In addition, such switches are designed to withstand more severe environmental conditions and meet the requirements of the MIL-STD-2002 standard for both sinusoidal and random vibration and mechanical shocks.